Personality Disorders

Personality disorders are mental disorders characterized by maladaptive, dysfunctional ways of perceiving oneself and interacting with others and the environment. Personality disorders have a significant negative impact on a person’s life and functioning. People with personality disorders often abuse drugs or alcohol. Studies estimate that around 40-44 percent of people with personality disorders also have a co-occurring substance use disorder.

Types of Personality Disorders

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), recognizes 10 personality disorder types.

Dependent Personality Disorder – People with dependent personality disorder are overly submissive and dependent on others well into adulthood and may suffer from separation anxiety. People in relationships with them often describe them as “clingy.” They have difficulty making decisions without the approval, advice and reassurance of others. People with dependent personality disorder have difficulty expressing their own beliefs or needs for fear of losing or compromising relationships.

Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder – Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) shares some symptoms with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). People with OCPD are often described by others as perfectionists or workaholics. Their personality may be characterized by inflexibility, lack of affection, and preoccupation with order or cleanliness. People with OCPD are sometimes easily angered or frustrated, especially when situations don’t go as planned.

Schizoid Personality Disorder – A person with schizoid personality disorder tends to be withdrawn from others and the world around them. They may live in a type of “fantasy” world created in their mind. People with schizoid personality disorder may appear withdrawn, aloof or unemotional and may not follow social norms.

Schizotypal Personality Disorder – Similar to schizoid personality disorder, schizotypal personality disorder can cause people to appear odd and withdrawn. People with schizotypal personality disorders usually suffer from severe anxiety, especially in social situations. They distrust others and may exhibit signs of paranoia. They may respond inappropriately to social cues and have few close relationships.

Antisocial Personality Disorder – People with antisocial personality disorder exhibit a disregard for others and lack of remorse for any physical or emotional pain they cause. Sometimes they may have sociopathic or psychopathic tendencies such as a lack of conscience. They’re often irritable or aggressive. Others may describe them as antagonistic, callous or manipulative. People with this personality disorder often suffer legal consequences for their actions.

Borderline Personality Disorder – Borderline personality disorder is characterized by love-hate patterns and black-or-white thinking. People with this disorder may suffer from mood swings, impulsivity, suicidality, an unstable sense of self, disordered eating, substance abuse and intense, erratic behavior in relationships.

Histrionic Personality Disorder – People with histrionic personality disorder feel a constant, overwhelming need for approval or attention from others. They may be extremely emotional and use sex or professional tactics to get what they want in an inappropriate social context. They are often overly dramatic and initially charming.

Narcissistic Personality Disorder – Narcissistic personality disorder is characterized by extreme self-preoccupation and lack of empathy for others. People with this disorder can be insecure, manipulative, overly demanding and vain. They are typically motivated by power and adoration from others.

Avoidant Personality Disorder – People with avoidant personality disorder feel deeply inadequate and insecure. They are very sensitive to others’ perception of them and may be or feel socially inept. They often avoid occupations or social situations that will require them to interact with others. They are usually hypersensitive to rejection but crave emotional closeness at the same time.

Paranoid Personality Disorder – Those with paranoid personality disorder are overly suspicious and distrustful of others. This may result in isolation or detachment from society, hostility, and extreme difficulty in interactions with others.

Addiction and Personality Disorders Treatment      

Treatment for personality disorders and substance abuse must tackle both of these issues at the same time. The Ranch Mississippi drug rehab’s team of medical and psychological professionals has years of experience treating co-occurring mental health disorders and addiction. At our addition rehab center, you’ll undergo thorough biopsychosocial assessments to determine what potential pharmacological and behavioral therapies can best help you recover.

Many times past trauma such as neglect, abuse or early unhealthy attachment patterns fuel personality disorders and addiction. Our treatment team is trained in trauma and trauma-focused therapies like EMDR to help you heal emotional wounds.

Through a true-to-life living situation and intensive group therapy, you’ll address the interpersonal challenges that often accompany personality disorders. You’ll learn healthy coping skills like mindfulness, 12-step support groups and experiential activities to draw upon when you return to everyday life instead of reaching for drugs or alcohol.

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We can help. Call us to learn how our mental health and addiction rehab can help you repair your relationships and create the life you want.

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