Addiction Fact Sheets

Our addiction fact sheets separate fact from fiction when it comes to alcohol, drugs, and addictive behaviors.

Alcoholism Facts

An alcoholic beverage is a drink containing ethanol, commonly known as alcohol. Alcoholic beverages are divided into three general classes: beers, wines, and spirits. Alcohol is a psychoactive drug that has a depressant effect. A high blood alcohol content is … More

Benzodiazepine Facts

Benzodiazepines are a class of drugs that produce central nervous system depression and are most commonly used to treat insomnia and anxiety. There is the potential for dependence on and abuse of benzodiazepines particularly by individuals with a history of …More

Cocaine Facts

Cocaine is the most potent stimulant of natural origin. This substance can be snorted, smoked, or injected. Pure cocaine was first used in the 1880s in eye, nose, and throat surgeries as an anesthetic and for its ability to constrict …More

Ecstacy Facts

Used commonly as a “club drug”, Ecstasy is a synthetic, psychoactive drug similar to the stimulant methamphetamine and the hallucinogen mescaline. MDMA is taken orally, usually as a capsule or tablet. It was initially popular among Caucasian adolescents and young …More

Gambling Addiction Facts

Gambling addiction is an urge to gamble despite harmful negative consequences or a desire to stop. A gambling addiction is often defined by whether harm is experienced by the gambler or others, rather than by the gambler’s behavior. Severe compulsive …More

Heroin Facts

Heroin is an opiate drug that is synthesized from morphine, a naturally occurring substance extracted from the seed pod of the Asian opium poppy plant. Heroin usually appears as a white or brown powder or as a black sticky substance, …More

Hydrocodone Facts

Hydrocodone is a semi-synthetic opioid derived from either of two naturally occurring opiates—codeine and thebaine. Hydrocodone is an orally active narcotic analgesic (pain reliever) and antitussive (cough suppressant). It is commonly available in tablet, capsule, and syrup form, and is …More

Inhalant Facts

Inhalants are volatile substances that produce chemical vapors that can be inhaled to induce a psychoactive, or mind-altering, effect. Inhalants include a broad range of chemicals found in hundreds of different products that may have different pharmacological effects. There are …More

Ketamine Facts

Inhalants are volatile substances that produce chemical vapors that can be inhaled to induce a psychoactive, or mind-altering, effect. Inhalants include a broad range of chemicals found in hundreds of different products that may have different pharmacological effects. There are …More

LSD Facts

Lysergic acid diethylamide, or LSD, is one of the most common psychedelic or hallucinogenic substances. A potent mind-altering drug, LSD is derived from ergot alkaloids which are produced from the ergot fungus that grows on rye. LSD is typically delivered …More

Marijuana Facts

Marijuana is a green, brown, or gray mixture of dried, shredded leaves, stems, seeds, and flowers of the hemp plant (Cannabis sativa). Cannabis is a term that refers to marijuana and other drugs made from the same plant. Other forms …More

Meth Facts

Methamphetamine is a highly addictive central nervous system stimulant that can be injected, snorted, smoked, or ingested orally. Methamphetamine is illicitly synthesized and then sold in a crystalline form resembling small shards of odorless, bitter-tasting crystals; leading to the colloquial …More

Opiate Facts

Opiates are among the world’s oldest known drugs and include heroin, morphine, codeine, Oxycontin, Dilaudid, methadone, and others. Opiates are among the world’s oldest known drugs and include heroin, morphine, codeine, Oxycontin, Dilaudid, methadone, and others. The use of the …More

Oxy Facts

Oxycodone is an opioid analgesic medication synthesized from opium-derived thebaine. Oxycodone oral medications are generally prescribed for the relief of moderate to severe pain. Opioids are among the world’s oldest known drugs; the use of the opium poppy for its …More

Prescription Drug Facts

The non-medical use or abuse of prescription drugs is the fastest-growing drug problem. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse’s (NIDA) research report Prescription Drugs: Abuse and Addiction, there are three classes of prescription drugs that are most commonly …More

Sex Addiction Facts

Sexual addiction is a popular model to explain hypersexuality–sexual urges, behaviors, or thoughts that appear extreme in frequency or feel out of one’s control. Hypersexuality is typically associated with lowered sexual inhibitions, and alcohol and some drugs can affect a …More

Steroid Facts

Anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) are synthetically produced variants of the naturally occurring male sex hormone testosterone. “Anabolic” refers to muscle-building, and “androgenic” refers to increased male sexual characteristics. “Steroids” refers to the class of drugs. These drugs can be legally prescribed …More

Valium Facts

Valium is used for the management of anxiety disorders or for the short-term relief of symptoms of anxiety. Valium is also used as an adjunct for the relief of muscle spasms and chronic pain in joints, spasticity caused by upper …More

Xanax Facts

Alprazolam, known most commonly by the brand name Xanax, is a potent, short-acting prescription drug primairly used to treat modern to severe anxiety disorders, panic attacks and stress disorders. It has a high potential for recreational use and is one …More

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